Stainless steel was first discovered in the early 1900s, although it had long been in the making. According to the Specialty Steel Industry of North America (SSINA), this metal was first used in the industrial sector when table cutlery was designed.
Stainless steel is now used in various industries and for numerous applications. And while many people know stainless steel is one of the most popular metals, many people do not know why stainless steel is so great. What properties make this material so wonderful? Read on to find out just that.
- Corrosion Resistance – Stainless steel has a very thin yet impervious chromium oxide coating on the outside of it. It is this coating that ensures air and moisture do not enter into the metal and affect it. For that reason, it will never corrode.
- Acid Resistance – Most aluminum products are resistant to acid, but stainless steel is able to resist certain things that many other metals can not. Unfortunately though, there is one acid that stainless steel typically cannot resist. Hydrochloric acid, air-free or aerated, will damage stainless steel.
- Base Resistance – Stainless steel is also able to resist a number of bases, such as ammonium hydroxide. This is true even at extremely high concentrations and temperatures.
- Cryogenic Resistance – Stainless steel can withstand various environments even at the coldest possible temperatures. The high-performance, durable and strong qualities of stainless steel make it a versatile material, so it can withstand cryogenic and sub-zero temperatures.
- Ductility and Strength – Due to its high ductility, stainless steel metal is used all over the country, especially when work relates to be electric connectivity and energy transmitting. It is a very popular metal in both the energy and electric industry. In addition, stainless steel is one of the stronger types of metal that is manufactured today, which is why it is often used in many industrial applications that require high-performance strength.
- Work Hardening – In order to obtain a certain strength for certain applications, stainless steel has the components necessary to be work hardened. Through the process of work hardening and annealing, the stainless steel metal can actually become stronger.
Stainless steel is used in a variety of industrial sectors as well as appliances. From cooking and food processing to construction and architecture, there aren’t many industries that do not put the magical properties of stainless steel to use in their project. For more information on steel and how it helps personal and commercial environments, contact a company like C&R Pipe & Steel.